Type 2 Diabetes – Is Not Eating Anything The Key To Beating Diabetes Fast?

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You might associate cutting out all food with crackpot diets like the Cabbage Soup Diet. However, according to a research study published conducted by the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute, fasting may be a surefire way to stop Type 2 diabetes.

Genome Collision: It’s been said Type 2 diabetes and other chronic diseases that plague Western civilization are caused by a “collision of the genome” with our modern day lifestyles. Our genes have stayed relatively unchanged since humans first burst onto the scene thousands of years ago. But our lifestyles filled with modern-day conveniences like abundant fast food and computers are brand new. Our genes haven’t had time to adapt to these new technological advances.

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The moral of the story? Your body is still worrying about surviving and eating its next meal even though there’s a McDonald’s on every other corner of your neighborhoods.

As you may imagine from a loincloth donned caveman having to hunt and forage for every meal, fasting was relatively common. Over millennia, the human body developed mechanisms to keep it going when your ancestral self wasn’t able to find food for stretches of time. Because we rarely find ourselves too long without food (and skipping lunch to finish that report doesn’t count), these mechanisms never have a chance to kick in.

This study found people who fasted for short periods of time… known as intermittent fasting:

boosted sagging HDL levels,
improved insulin sensitivity, and
reduced high triglycerides.

These three factors make up 3/5ths of what’s known as the metabolic syndrome… a cluster of symptoms often found together that raise a person’s heart disease risk substantially. Even better, there were no serious side effects to the fasting treatment.

Added to this, the participants lost significant amounts of body fat as well. Because the body doesn’t have energy coming in its forced to take body fat stored in your stomach and thighs.

Practical Use: However, fasting isn’t a magic trick that will melt away fat and cure Type 2 diabetes. It should be used as an adjunct approach to a healthy lifestyle that you already have. It may also be a way to “kick-start” a new lifestyle program to help accelerate your results.

Suddenly fasting can throw off the effects of the medications you are taking, medications which are usually dosed based on a typical day’s diet. Be sure to check in with your health care team before trying a fast.


Type 2 Diabetes – Treating a Newly Diagnosed Case of Diabetes

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Often when cases of Type 2 diabetes are first diagnosed, new diabetics are given an initial dietary consultation with a follow-up six months later. Researchers at the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom set out to discover whether a more intensive program of diet and physical activity could be of more benefit. Their results were published in the journal Lancet in July 2011.

Five hundred and ninety-three people who had been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes were included in this particular study:

ninety-nine people were given “usual care”,
248 were given a dietary regimen which included nurses checking them every month, together with dietary consultations every 3 months… referred to as a “strict” dietary regimen.
246 were given the above dietary regimen with increased physical activity.

Results showed: After 6 months the hemoglobin A1c, (HbA1c), levels increased in the group receiving the “usual care” and lowered, or improved, in those receiving the “strict” dietary regimen. The group receiving the “strict” dietary regimen along with increased physical activity also found their HbA1c level had lowered. The improved HbA1c levels continued to be seen even after the following 12 months.

Body weight and insulin resistance were also improved to a much greater extent in the intensive program groups, more than in the group of diabetics receiving “usual care”.

Conclusion reached: Researchers therefore decided intensive intervention commencing soon after diagnosis could improve blood sugar control in Type 2 diabetics.

One study will not change the usual care given to newly diagnosed diabetics, and insurance companies will not begin to pay for more care based upon this study… so newly diagnosed diabetics will need to take up the slack.

Hints for newly diagnosed diabetics:

when given a diet plan, refer to it daily. Recording your daily weight will help you to keep track of how well you are following the plan.
nurses are often available for telephone consultations at physician’s offices and insurance companies… usually patients can call and ask questions without having to wait six months for an appointment.
fitness trainers are another source of advice where diet plans are concerned. If given a copy of your diet plan, good trainers are usually happy to discuss them with you if you are their client. They will check to see if the diet plan is being followed, as well as creating and helping you to follow a regular plan of physical activity. Clients going to a gym and meeting with fitness trainers two to three times per week will obtain even more attention than the diabetics in the above study’s intervention groups.

Families can also be helpful in maintaining dietary regimens. Sometimes just discussing your diet plan with a family member can help to clarify the plan and help with its implementation.

Start treating a new case of Type 2 diabetes early and don’t give it a chance to cause complications.


Diabetes – Control Your Blood Sugar

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Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the body does not properly process sugar. While diabetes often runs in families, its onset and course cannot be predicted or prevented. But, with medication, proper nutrition and exercise, diabetics live healthy lives.

Uncontrolled, however, it can cause heart and blood vessel disorders that may lead to blindness, gangrene, kidney disease, and even death.

There are two basic types of diabetes.

  • Type I, the more severe, is caused by a deficiency of the hormone insulin.
  • With Type II, or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, there may be enough insulin, but the body’s cells have trouble using it.

In either form, excess sugar builds up in the blood because insulin is unable to regulate it. The sugar then “spills” into the urine, where it is excreted from the body. Frequent urination or excessive thirst often signals high blood sugar levels.

Having diabetes means you need to eat foods from each food group. Include breads and cereals, milk products, vegetables, fruits, meat and fish, nuts and legumes, and fats and oils.

Minimize sugars and fats while maximizing starches and proteins. The old standard of avoiding carbohydrates no longer applies. In fact, a diet in which 50 to 60% of total calories is obtained through complex carbohydrates is recommended. Keep fat to 30% of calories.

Control your caloric intake; being overweight makes diabetes worse. Weight management, especially in Type II diabetes, is crucial. Losing even a small amount of weight can improve or even normalize blood sugar levels in older diabetics.

Type I diabetics must eat meals on a regular schedule in order to balance their injections of insulin. All diabetics need to space their meals throughout the day so as to minimize extreme highs and lows of blood sugar levels.

If you haven’t been physically active, start slowly and build the intensity. Consult your doctor before starting your exercise program. Be aware that strenuous exercise can throw you out of balance by lowering blood glucose too much; this could lead to hypoglycemia.

Moderate exercise helps lower blood sugar by “burning” it off, making tissues more responsive to insulin and reducing weight. It also reduces fat and cholesterol in the bloodstream and lowers blood pressure. This is important because diabetics are at high risk for heart and vascular diseases.

Babies born to diabetics have a greater risk of birth defects than others. To minimize the risk:

  • Get your body in the best possible condition three to six months before you conceive. If you must lose weight, do it under supervision of your doctor.
  • Choose a doctor trained to care for diabetic mothers and their babies.
  • Closely monitor your blood glucose before and during your pregnancy.
  • Breastfeeding is good for both you and the baby, but it will set up new conditions for controlling blood sugar.


Good Carbohydrates in a Pre Diabetic Diet

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Although diabetics are regularly warned against the consumption of carbohydrates, some for instance, complex carbohydrates are actually beneficial if consumed moderately. Basically, carbohydrates are converted into glucose upon their consumption and then absorbed into the bloodstream to provide the much needed energy. Nevertheless, if you are diabetic, controlling the blood sugar levels becomes a difficult task for the body as it can’t produce enough insulin to keep the levels in their normal range. This leads to the blood’s glucose levels fluctuating uncontrollably leading to several unpleasant healthy complications, that may leave the victim either permanently incapacitated physically or if the worse comes to the worst dead.

Carbohydrates are essential for proper body functions, thus should be included in a normal day to day’s healthy diets. However, the daily intake of the said carbohydrates must be strictly controlled, especially for the diabetics. Fortunately, some carbohydrates are actually good and can be consumed without the fear of severe diabetic consequences. Below is an analysis of some of them.

Whole grain Breads and pasta: Such foodstuffs as whole grain breads are healthy for consumption, especially for diabetics. On top of this, consuming a small amount of pasta is highly recommendable for diabetics. Actually, it can easily be prepared to come up with a variety of fulfilling pasta meals. Pasta may also be added to a variety of salads, while the whole grain breads would make a great accompaniment to soups, especially when toasted.

Breakfast cereals: Rolled oats, oat bran, multigrain muesli, whole grain cereals are some of the best breakfast choices available. These should be enjoyed with low fat milk and small amounts of essential nuts, for instance walnuts, almonds and so on. If possible, add a bit of dried fruits, for example figs, peaches, apricots to the cereal to make more wholesome.

Legumes, vegetables and fruits: Such vegetables as sweet potatoes, yams and corn. Although these may be classified as carbohydrate sources, they are also vegetables and can be consumed in moderation. Such food items as potatoes may be eaten but in small portions and should only be boiled or baked but not in fried form. The legumes that can safely be included in a pre diabetic diet are such as, chick peas, kidney peas, baked beans and the like. Haricot beans and other types of aforementioned beans may also be included in a variety of salads to form a good pre diabetic diet.

Other sources of carbohydrates that form a good pre diabetic diet include brown rice, barley, buckwheat, bulgur wheat, corn and so forth. Cook these together with other vegetables to come up with a good pre diabetic diet. The amount of carbohydrate foodstuffs you consume matters a lot if you are diabetic. However, the amounts differ from one individual to the other. There is a big variation in how each individual’s body reacts to the intake of carbohydrates, nevertheless, you should control the urge to overeat the said carbohydrates as it could only lead to a situation whereby you become overweight (a situation which brings with it a lot of healthy complications).


Coffee Counters The Onset Of Diabetes

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Coffee is one of the popular beverages in the world. Nobody knows where coffee began its journey and probably, it all began in Ethiopia. Strangely enough, the greatest coffee drinking countries are those which do not produce them. The only exception is Brazil which is the leading producer of coffee and the second largest consumer in the world. Colombia is the second largest producer of coffee. The leading consumer is the USA which is believed to consume 25% of the coffee produced in the world. 54% of the Americans over the age of 18 are coffee drinkers. America spends nearly $40 billion in coffee consumption. Coffee is the second commonly traded commodity after oil. Around 53 countries grow coffee and most of them lie along the equator.

Each year around 7 million tons of green beans are produced worldwide. Arabica and Robusta are the most popular varieties. Coffee contains hundreds of chemicals and for decades, scientists have been trying to portray it as a villain. In spite of spending millions of dollars, nobody has succeeded in producing concrete evidence that coffee is bad for health. Instead, good news about the beneficial effects of coffee is pouring in.

Coffee supplies antioxidants

It has been shown that drinking three to four cups of coffee a day can reduce the risk for heart disease by 45%. However, when the consumption is over six cups, the beneficial effects decrease. Chlorogenic acid present in coffee is an antioxidant. In addition, caffeine also has been shown to be an antioxidant. HDL whose levels are elevated by coffee consumption is also an antioxidant. The antioxidants protect by preventing the initiation of inflammatory reactions. The antioxidants prevent the accumulation of dangerous free radicals which are believed to be responsible for the onset of several diseases like diabetes.

Coffee decreases diabetes risk
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by abnormal body metabolism. Just about every part of the body is affected. Coffee contains significant quantities of magnesium. Magnesium helps to prevent the onset of diabetes because it promotes the actions of insulin. For example, one of the actions of insulin is to promote the utilization of glucose within the cells. The first step in the glucose utilization is catalyzed by an enzyme called hexokinase and this enzyme shows an obligatory requirement for magnesium.

The protein called sex hormone-binding globulin is concerned with the binding of sex hormones and has been implicated in the onset of diabetes. The level of this protein in the circulation falls during diabetes. High circulating levels of this protein is believed to protect against the onset of type 2 diabetes. Drinking four cups of coffee a day has been shown to increase the blood levels of sex hormone-binding globulin. Therefore coffee can reduce the risk for diabetes. Coffee also protects the heart because diabetes increases the risk for coronary heart disease.


Things to Consider When Shopping for Diabetic Shoes

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If you are diabetic, you need to be particularly careful when you buying shoes to avoid foot injuries. However this is not implying that you can only wear ugly, clunky or large shoes. In the event that you are not really experiencing lack of feeling in your feet, you can just ensure that you are wearing well-designed and the right fitting shoes. The following will highlight some of the things to consider when you are shopping for diabetic shoes.

Here are some of the things to consider:

The shoes should have 3/8-1/2 inch space at the ending of your longest toe and the shoe. This space must be enough so that your finger can fit inside the back of your shoes and you should also have sufficient wiggle room for your toes

Look for shoes with leather upper material and comfortable, cushioned soles and insoles.

Shoes must be comfortable from the moment you put them on, instead of expecting that it will stretch to fit or that your foot can easily break into it afterward.

You should try to avoid the pointed-toe shoes styles.

Shoes must be firm at the back to support your heels without being too tight.

If you are unable to resist high heel shoes, you should ensure that you are only wearing them for a limited time. The poor fitting shoes can easily lead to many foot problems such as sores, bunions, calluses, hammertoes, blisters and wounds, which you might not feel if you have lost all the sensation in your feet. The best protective footwear will have deep boxes for your toes to prevent rubbing and cramping; a soft lining and a lack of seams at vital spots in the shoe.

In case your podiatrist suggests special footwear, you should follow this guidance at all time to prevent foot problems. A recent research was carried with individuals who have foot problems and were at higher risk for amputation, which indicates that those who wore the protective footwear had fewer amputations as a group.

Many people actually wear the wrong size shoes without realizing it. Generally, this will happen if you are unaware that your size has evolved or if you cannot feel your feet and will not know whether the shoe is tight or not. When you are shopping at certain shoes store, you can get help from trained professionals who are knowledgeable about shoes style, function and fit as well as orthotics products like heel inserts or pads. Ultimately, you can get the help to find footwear that will enhance the function and health of your ankle or foot.


Nutrition and Diabetes

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Diabetes is a widespread disease, the frequency of which increases with that of obesity. The importance of nutrition in the onset and course of diabetes is undisputed scientific fact. Overeating, dietary excesses and overloads with carbohydrates and fats increase the risk of diabetes, especially in persons who have an inherited predisposition to disease.

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism resulting in insulin deficiency or impaired insulin action.

There is chronic hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar) due to a shortage of insulin, the inability to achieve insulin effects, or both.

Symptoms of untreated diabetes include excessive thirst, increased urine output, increased appetite, and poor wound healing.

Cardiovascular complications are a major cause of death in most diabetics, but also common among them are kidney disease, stroke, infections, eye diseases, neurological disorders, gangrene and others.

Type 1 diabetes is characterized by lack of insulin production of b-cells of islets of Langerhans of the pancreas. This is the type of diabetes that often occurs in children, especially those aged 10-14 years. Absolute insulin deficiency in these patients have his permanent injection imports. Therefore, this type of diabetes is referred to as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.

Type 2 diabetes develops as a result of impaired sensitivity of cells to insulin action (insulin resistance), together with the delay or lack of insulin secretion. This insulin resistance leads to increased insulin requirements, which most individuals are unable to produce.

Sixty percent of patients with type 2 diabetes can maintain normal blood sugar levels by diet, physical activity, antidiabetic agents, which are taken orally, without insulin. This diabetes is insulin-type. It occurs mainly in people aged 40 However, in recent years have seen an increase in incidence among younger obese individuals. There is a direct correlation between obesity and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes.
Orientations and behavior in diabetes.

As for the near and distant prognosis for this disease, the most important have good blood sugar control. Secondly, mandatory measures to regulate lipid metabolism (blood fat) and achieve a healthy weight.

Nutrition in diabetic patients plays a crucial role in their treatment.

Over the past 50 years has radically changed the views on this issue and present recommendations for nutrition of diabetic patients virtually inAdvice for diabetics:

  • Control and optimization of body weight are particularly important.
  • Attention is drawn to both quantitative and qualitative composition of the carbohydrates in food.
  • Recommended mostly complex sugars and dietary fiber. Carbohydrates should supply 55% of daily food energy (E%).
  • The recommended intake of fiber is at least 20-35 g / day.
  • Moderate exercise improves insulin efficiency and energy consumption.
  • Proteins should provide 10-20% E.
  • The intake of fat should be less than 30 E%, sufficient import of polyunsaturated fatty acids (about 10% E).distinguishable from those of healthy people
  • Eat a varied diet
  • Increase consumption of whole grain bread, vegetables and fruits
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Reduce consumption of fat and saturated fatty acids
  • Limit salt intake
  • If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation
  • Eat more fish
  • Preserving the nutritional value and safety of food.


How Diabetes Affects Your Feet

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What exactly is the cause of diabetic foot problems? In most cases it is damage to the nerves that affect the legs and feet. This is called Diabetic Neuropathy. There is deterioration of these nerves due to high blood sugar levels in the body. Other factors are high blood fat, and high blood pressure. If you suffer from diabetics and are overweight or over 40 years of age there must be constant vigilance in keeping these levels down and also by checking your feet and legs daily.

The most common condition resulting from Foot Problems in a type 2 diabetic is called Peripheral Neuropathy. It is a loss of sensation which begins at the very tips of the toes and worms it way up the legs. It can result in infections and foot ulcers because there is no feeling. If there’s no feeling, you won’t be able to tell if you have injured your feet. If the infections are not treated it can lead to amputations. That is why a daily regime of foot and leg examinations is so important.

There are things that you can do every day to lessen the risk of infections in the feet of a diabetic. Wash your feet with warm water and soap, and gently dry them with a soft towel. To help with dry skin utilize a good lotion, but not between your toes. Keep your toenails trimmed with rounded edges. If you wear socks, then get seamless socks or ones with soft-flat seams. The important thing is to protect your feet, so wear shoes or slippers, even if you’re at home or enjoying the beach.

Because of the loss in sensitivity, a diabetic may not be able to feel a pebble or other debris in their shoes. It is a very good habit for any diabetic with foot numbness to shake their shoes out before putting them on. In the case where there is a break in the skin: a blister, rash, bruise, or redness, instead of trying to tend it yourself it is better to make an appointment with your physician as soon as possible. It is also highly suggested that any diabetic, especially those with foot problems have a thorough foot examination that will check your skin, muscles, bones and blood circulation, plus, a monofilament test to inspect the nerves in your feet at least once a year.

If you, or someone you know is a known diabetic and has begun to lose sensitivity in their feet to tell their doctor immediately. This is a very serious issue that can easily result in amputation.


Type 2 Diabetes – The Accuracy Of Your Glucose Meter

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Monitoring blood glucose, or blood sugar levels, is at the very heart of great diabetes maintenance, whether you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. The main instrument used to accomplish this is a glucose testing meter. But how accurate are they, and is the error percentage enough to be concerned with?

Since guidelines were first established, the International Organization of Standards (IOS) has put their own regulation in place concerning the effectiveness of these meters. Under their guidelines, these devices can be off as much as 20 percent. That would give you a 40 point difference in the extreme high and low readings that were required on a 100mg readout. For a diabetic, this is far too much of a gap.

Another guideline in place is that they are only required to be accurate 95 percent of the time. That means that 95 percent of the time they can be off as much as 20 percent, and for the remaining 5 percent of the time, it can be an even higher error rate.

Given the seriousness of what your meter can tell you, it is vital you take immaculate care of it. That means keeping it in an ideal location, especially when you are away from home. Insuring that it remains in calibration is also equally important.

But the device isn’t the only area that deserves consideration. There are outside factors that can affect the accuracy of a glucose meter. Ambient temperature and the amount of humidity are important… keep your glucose meter in the same cool, dry place as your other supplies. Your glucose meter will work best when stored between 50 and 104 degrees Fahrenheit (10 and 40 degrees Celsius). If you take your meter with you, a locked car often becomes hotter than this.

The size and the quality of blood samples can affect readings. The cleanliness of the meter and/or the strips, and how old the strips are also come into play.

Even the brand of strips themselves, can make a difference. Once you become familiar with a particular brand it is better to remain with that brand as some can be a better quality than others. Going with whichever brand is on sale can compromise accuracy.

For those who would still like additional assistance in accuracy readings, they can use the Clarke Error Grid which analyzes and displays the level of accuracy readings based on how the equipment is being managed. It will help you efficiently take all factors into account.

It is extremely important that you check for accuracy ratings when purchasing a glucose testing meter. It will involve doing substantial research and looking at as many reviews as you can get your hands on. The more experience you can rely on, the better off you will be.


Diabetic Socks Help Keep Feet Happy

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Diabetic socks help keep feet happy, and this is extremely important. Happy feet will be healthy feet and people suffering from diabetes are far more at risk at developing problems which if left untreated could end in amputation of one or both of their feet. One particular problem suffered by many diabetics is neuropathy which is where the nerves in the feet have become badly damaged. This makes it impossible for sufferers to have full feeling in their feet which leaves them open to the risk of injury. Walking on hot pavement would not affect them right away, and could burn them before they even realize that their feet are on an extremely hot surface.

It makes them particularly susceptible to burning their feet in hot water, or for them becoming too cold. The reason the nerves come damaged can be due to glucose levels being insufficiently controlled which can then lead to blood vessels becoming damaged. Another problem is that diabetics often have impaired immune systems which leaves them more susceptible to inflammation.

People suffering from diabetes need to be very careful that there are no small wounds or blisters on their feet that might develop into ulcers which do not heal properly. It can often be very difficult for them to tell if this problem is developing due to the nerve damage. They also are likely to have poor circulation and wearing well-designed socks can really help with these problems.

Unlike ordinary socks they are designed to be seamless which puts far less pressure on the skin. They may be thickly padded which not only makes them more comfortable but protects the vulnerable foot. They are designed to be loose around the top which prevents compression which can make bad circulation even worse.

One common problem that they often suffer from during cold weather is chilblains so it’s essential to keep this area of their body as warm and dry as possible. Wearing products that are made from wool and cotton allows the skin to breathe so that it doesn’t become damp which could cause rubbing and sore spots.

Diabetic socks keep feet happy, but more importantly they keep them healthy. They should fit properly for maximum effect and should not be too tight. It’s best to have a selection so that different pairs can be worn for different activities and for when the weather is warmer or colder.