Type 2 Diabetes – Chronic Eye Complications of Uncontrolled Diabetes!

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Type 2 diabetes is a continuously increasing burden to the government and to society. As stated by the National Diabetes Statistics, 1.6 million new cases of Type 2 diabetes were discovered and diagnosed in the United States in 2007 and this prevalence rate is continuously and exponentially growing every year.

Do you ever wonder why your doctor is so keen for you to control your blood sugar? You see, uncontrolled diabetes may result in multiple, yet preventable types of chronic complications. As mentioned in an article published by the Centers for Disease Control, early diagnosis and the application of available measures is a must to reduce the incidence and the severity of these chronic complications.

Diabetes is the most common cause of blindness in the United States. In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control, diabetics are twenty five times more prone to the development of eye problems compared to the general population.

There three most common eye complications of uncontrolled diabetes are:

1. Diabetic retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy is an eye problem in diabetics that affects the nerve-containing tissue of the eye. It is one of the leading causes of blindness among American adults each year. Believe it or not, the lifetime prevalence of this eye problem in diabetics is seventy percent. As mentioned again by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), diabetic retinopathy is almost always asymptomatic during its treatable stages. And so, if you happen to have Type 2 diabetes, the most reasonable way to prevent this eye problem from occurring is to regularly check with your opthalmologist.

2. Cataracts: As stated by CDC, diabetics are 1.6 times more prone to develop cataract in one or both eyes compared to those who do not have diabetes, Type 1 or Type 2. Diabetics most commonly acquire snowflake cataracts which usually resolve with good blood sugar control. However, there are those that develop persistent cataracts who need to undergo cataract extraction to restore their vision. In most cases, cataract extraction can restore ninety to ninety-five percent of the normal vision.

3. Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a problem caused by the increased pressure within your eye. There are two types of glaucoma seen in diabetics:

the open-angle glaucoma, the most common form of glaucoma in the diabetic population, and
the neovascular glaucoma, the more severe kind of glaucoma that usually occurs concomitantly with diabetic retinopathy

Early diagnosis and emergency surgery are the most needed medical interventions to save your eye from the full development of this problem.

Regular eye check-ups and good blood sugar control are the cornerstone for proper eye care in people with diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. The more you control your blood sugar the lesser your chances in developing these eye problems.