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Validation of a Novel Risk Score for Severity of Illness in Acute Exacerbations of COPD

Background: Clinicians lack a validated tool for risk stratification in acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). We sought to validate the BAP-65 (elevated BUN, altered mental status, pulse > 109 beats/min, age > 65 years) score for this purpose.

Methods: We analyzed 34,699 admissions to 177 US hospitals (2007) with either a principal diagnosis of AECOPD or acute respiratory failure with a secondary diagnosis of AECOPD. Hospital mortality and need for mechanical ventilation (MV) served as co-primary end points. Length of stay (LOS) and costs represented secondary end points. We assessed the accuracy of BAP-65 via the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC).

Results: Nearly 4% of subjects died while hospitalized and approximately 9% required MV. Mortality increased with increasing BAP-65 class, ranging from < 1% in subjects in class I (score of 0) to > 25% in those meeting all BAP-65 criteria (Cochran-Armitage trend test z = —38.48, P< .001). The need for MV also increased with escalating score (2% in the lowest risk cohort vs 55% in the highest risk group, Cochran-Armitage trend test z = —58.89, P < .001). The AUROC for BAP-65 for hospital mortality and/or need for MV measured 0.79 (95% CI, 0.78-0.80). The median LOS was 4 days, and mean hospital costs equaled $5,357. These also varied linearly with increasing BAP-65 score.

Conclusions: The BAP-65 system captures severity of illness Generic pharmacy viagra and represents a simple tool to categorize patients with AECOPD as to their risk for adverse outcomes. BAP-65 also correlates with measures of resource use. BAP-65 may represent a useful adjunct in the initial assessment of AECOPDs.

Abbreviations: AECOPD = acute exacerbations of COPD; AUROC = area under the receiver operating characteristic curve; BAP-65 = elevated BUN, altered mental status, pulse > 109 beats/min, age > 65 years; DRG = diagnosis-related group; ICD-9-CM = International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification; IQR = interquartile range; LOS = length of stay; MV = mechanical ventilation

COPD represents the fourth most common cause of death in the United States.

POSTED ON October 15, 2014,